TOEFL (Test of English as a foreign Language)
What is TOEFL? Test of English as a foreign Language, TOEFL for short, is an examination conducted by Education Testing Service (ETS) to evaluate a non-native speaker's proficiency in English language. Which organizations use TOEFL scores? Many North American collages and university as well as a large number of Institution, agencies, and programs use TOEFL score during the admission process. What is an Acceptable score? An acceptable score depends on the specific requirements of the concerned institute or agency. However, most of the academic Institutions normally accept TOEFL, scores above 58 in iBT and 600 plus in PBT. What are skills assessed in the TOEFL, iBT test? Like any standardized language testing system, TOEFL, iBT which is conducted online evaluated a test taker's receptive & expressive skills through four modules-reading, listening, writing and speaking. Each of the modules is tested on a scale of 0 to 30. Therefore, the total scores recived range from 0 to 120. When is the test taken? The test is taken on fixed dates at ETS-authorized internet based testing centers. Most areas where the test is offered have 30 to 40 administrations per years, the numbers of which depends on both the capacity of the test centers and the volume of the candidates. What is this format? Section Numbers of passages Tasks/questions per passage Answering time Reading 3-5 12-14 60-100 minutes Listening 4-6 lectures 6 60-90 minutes 2-3 conversations 5 Speaking 6 20 minutes Writing 2 50 minutes
The TOELF test administered in a paper delivered format, is a test that has to be taken in three and half hours. There is a 30 minute writing test (TWE), which is required of everyone who takes the paper delivered test. The total duration being four hours. It consists of three sections and a written test. Listening comprehension which measures the ability to understand spoken English. Structure and written expression, which measures the ability to recognize. Reading comprehension which measures the ability to understand non-technical reading material. Then there is the TWE test writing which measures the ability to write in English.
The TOEFL tests are scored on a scale of 0-120. The reading and listening sections are scored by the computer whereas the writing and the speaking section have to be scored by hand. Each of the section is worth 30 points. The Reading and listening is the easiest to score. A computer will determine the number of points you receive, and then the score will be calculated on a scale of 0-30 for each section. At the same time the writing and speaking sections needs more involvement. Each response will be reviewed by at least two trained professionals and will independently give you a score from a scale of 0-4, which is then converted to the standardized 30 points scale. Score reports are available online about ten days after you take the test, and the official score reports your institution probably requires are mailed a little bit later, about 13 days after you take the test. So in all, it will be about three weeks after you take the test when your institution actually receives your score report.
TOEFL grades actually depends where you apply as well. Therefore you need to know the requirements of the school/programs you are applying to. There are some non degree programs that require only 70 to 80 and there are graduate schools that require a 100 for even 110, but a 102 and 105 is good enough score for every case. It is helpful to do a small research on scores required for the program you are applying for online.